Modern Tunisia: A Democratic Apprenticeship by Andrew Borowiec

By Andrew Borowiec

How did Tunisia achieve putting off the specter of militant Islamic fundamentalism? Borowiec examines the activities, which start with the elimination of the senile President Habib Bourguiba in 1987, recognized in Tunisia because the swap. this present day, whereas its round the corner neighbor, Algeria, is in the course of an upheaval threatening modernization and a mundane govt, Tunisia is the single Muslim state to prohibit polygamy and to introduce state-funded contraception.

Borowiec starts off through sketching Tunisia's background from the Phoenician period onward. He offers a close research of the country's Islamic flow, after which examines the efforts of Bourguiba's successor, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, to liberalize the financial system, foster a Western orientation, and make schooling available to all. Interviews with prime govt officers in addition to educators, writers, and general Tunisians places a human face on a procedure that could permit Tunisia to make the transition to turn into a tender constructed country before everything of the subsequent millennium. This publication is critical to students, researchers, and most of the people inquisitive about occasions in North Africa and the Arab world.

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Small and compact, he paid a lot of attention to his attire and preferred dark, sometimes striped, suits. He knew the power of his extraordinary blue eyes. Foreign visitors were frequently seduced by his charm. While Ataturk loved his feet and frequently padded around barefoot while receiving his foreign guests, Bourguiba loved all of himself. Small wonder that, as time went by, he increased national veneration of his person and of his achievements. ” 1 The latter concept seems to have prevailed for years after Tunisia’s independence.

Western chanceries in Tunis were in a state of confusion. Several countries had invested considerable sums of money in Tunisia’s future, banking on the survival of a form of “Bourguibism“ with its moderate influence in the Arab world and, despite the dogmatic leader, a relatively open society. 5 billion in aid to Tunisia, putting the country among the leading per capita recipients of American largesse. Meanwhile, the educational system, one of the main achievements of “Bourguibism,” had begun to crumble.

The French reaction was swift and brutal. ” Warships of the French Mediterranean fleet headed toward the Tunisian coast. Two paratroop regiments from Algeria, including the crack 2nd Foreign Legion Parachute Regiment (REP), were dropped into the base and quickly expanded the perimeter. After five days of fighting, France and Tunisia agreed to a cease-fire. The French controlled much of the city; their armored cars and jeeps mounting heavy machine guns patroled the debris-strewn streets. The French never bothered to storm the old city known as the Casbah simply because they did not consider it useful from the military point of view and felt such an attack would cause unnecessary casualties.

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