Evolutionary Dynamics of Mammalian Karyotypes: Reprint by R. Stanyon, A. Graphodatsky

By R. Stanyon, A. Graphodatsky

This book either experiences and synthesizes the cytogenetic facts pertinent to mammalian genome evolution together with the latest advances in molecular cytogenetics with an emphasis on chromosome portray in mammals. the amount starts off with an summary of molecular cytogenetics in mammals providing unique views on genome evolution in mammals and in different vertebrates in addition to on syntenic and associational evolution. in addition it discusses the evolution of genome measurement in mammals and information the cytogenetic findings in: Monotremata and Marsupialia, Afrotheria, Xenarthra, Chiroptera, Eulipotyphla, Carnivora and Pholidota, Cetartiodactyla, Perissodactyla, Rodentia, Lagamorpha and Sciuromorpha, Strepsirrhine Primates, Dermoptera and Scandentia, New international Primates, Catarrhine Primates. best specialists within the box summarize the karyological and molecular cytogenetic info of mammals and pay specific consciousness to the final many years of excessive task during this box. Comparative and phylogenomic implications are completely explored and built-in with sequencing details. The synthesis and new interpretations of mammalian karyotypes present in this quantity have extensive implications for these drawn to the evolution of the vertebrate genome and for researchers considering molecular cytogenetics, mammalian evolution, zoology, primatology, and comparative genomics.

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Tiersch TR, Wachtel SS: On the evolution of genome size in birds. J Hered 82: 363–368 (1991). Tinbergen N: On aims and methods of ethology. Z Tierpsychol 20:410–433 (1963). van den Bussche RA, Longmire JL, Baker RJ: How bats achieve a small C-value: frequency of repetitive DNA in Macrotus. Mam Gen 6: 521–525 (1995). van Nimwegen E: Scaling laws in the functional content of genomes. Trends Genet 19: 479– 484 (2003). Venditti C, Meade A, Pagel M: Multiple routes to mammalian diversity. Nature 479: 393–396 (2011).

Au Theria RI AN S EU TH E il De v Wa ll ab y MARSUPIALS Op os su m Ec hid na Pla typ us RE PT I LE S MONOTREMES malian chromosome evolution and the reconstruction of the plesiomorphic karyotype of all mammals. Here, we describe the current knowledge of marsupial and monotreme chromosomes and the insight gained into chromosome evolution within these lineages. 0 Chromosome Evolution in Marsupials 100 200 300 MYA Fig. 1. The phylogenetic relationship of key marsupial and mono- treme species to other vertebrate groups.

They possess many unique features including their distinctive chromosomes, which in marsupials are typically very large and well conserved between species. In contrast, monotreme genomes are divided into several large chromosomes and many smaller chromosomes, with a complicated sex chromosome system that forms a translocation chain in male meiosis. The application of molecular cytogenetic techniques has greatly advanced our understanding of the evolution of marsupial chromosomes and allowed the reconstruction of the ancestral marsupial karyotype.

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