By Funso E. Oluyitan
This booklet examines public oath taking as an anti-corruption approach that has been carried out with profitable leads to Nigeria and that has purposes for different nations suffering from comparable difficulties. the writer of the e-book is the founding father of organization of Nigerians opposed to Corruption (ANAC), the NGO that first piloted the oath taking program—in which individuals swear publically to not both take or obtain bribes. Drawing at the reports of this system and interviews with a few ANAC members, the writer sheds mild on a number of the dynamics that underlie corruption, the opportunity of oath taking, and the significance of grassroots efforts and person ethical enterprise as forces of change.
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This e-book examines public oath taking as an anti-corruption procedure that has been carried out with profitable leads to Nigeria and that has purposes for different international locations being affected by comparable difficulties. the writer of the e-book is the founding father of organization of Nigerians opposed to Corruption (ANAC), the NGO that first piloted the oath taking program—in which individuals swear publically to not both take or obtain bribes.
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Extra resources for Combatting Corruption at the Grassroots Level in Nigeria
And) (7) Misappropriation . . public materials not only used for private purposes, but expropriated entirely . . (Smith 2006, p. 17). Thus, corruption manifests itself in many forms. Cullen (2008) summarized these into three categories according to the sector where they are practiced, political, bureaucratic, and business corruptions, which is in line with Ksenia’s (2008) three categories of corruption: bureaucratic, political, and grand. Political corruption is characterized by grand or big-ticket corruption conducted by political elites, explained Cullen (2008).
All these evils come from inside and deﬁne a person. (7 Mark: 20–22, New International Version) Several researchers have proposed modiﬁcations to Maslow’s theory. Barnes (1960) proposed a two-step hierarchy consisting of physiological needs at the base and a higher level made up of self-esteem, esteem of others, and belongingness. Harrison (1966) and Hall and Nougaim (1968) argued against Maslow’s theory. Harrison offered a modiﬁcation model in which physiological-economic needs were at the base.
DEVELOPMENT OF ETHICS/MORAL STANDARDS “Morality claims our lives,” according to Thiroux and Krasemann (1977, p. 1). They explained that morality makes claims upon each of us that are stronger than the claims of law and take priority over selfinterest. They deﬁned morality as dealing basically with humans and how they relate to other beings, both human and nonhuman. Four aspects of morality were considered vital by Thiroux and Krasemann: Religious Morality refers to a human being in relationship to a supernatural being or beings; Morality and Nature .