By Robert Voeks Ph.D., John Rashford Ph.D., M.A. (auth.), Robert Voeks, John Rashford (eds.)
African Ethnobotany within the Americas offers the 1st entire exam of ethnobotanical wisdom and abilities one of the African Diaspora within the Americas. best students at the topic discover the complicated courting among plant use and which means one of the descendants of Africans within the New global. simply by archival and box learn conducted in North the US, South the USA, and the Caribbean, participants discover the ancient, environmental, and political-ecological components that facilitated/hindered transatlantic ethnobotanical diffusion; the position of Africans as lively brokers of plant and plant wisdom move throughout the interval of plantation slavery within the Americas; the importance of cultural resistance in refining and redefining plant-based traditions; the vital different types of plant use that resulted; the trade of information between Amerindian, ecu and different African peoples; and the altering importance of African-American ethnobotanical traditions within the twenty first century.
Bolstered via considerable visible content material and contributions from well known specialists within the box, African Ethnobotany within the Americas is a useful source for college kids, scientists, and researchers within the box of ethnobotany and African Diaspora studies.
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Extra resources for African Ethnobotany in the Americas
Nicaragua and Honduras may also have been host to African rice (Carney 2001a: 195–196 n. 51). None of the rice that reached South Carolina after the arrival of English colonists in 1670 was provably O. glaberrima – no trace has yet been found in archaeological excavations. But enough circumstantial evidence exists to make its introduction quasi-certain. Before detailing that evidence, I might usefully observe that a slew of other plants either domesticated in Africa or domesticated elsewhere but transmitted from Africa during the slave trade reached the New World largely unnoticed.
Captains of slave ships certainly recognized the immediate value of stocking African dietary preferences as victuals for the Atlantic crossing and as medicines to maximize the survival of the human “commodities” they forcibly migrated to plantation societies. For slave-ship captains, the utility of African crops ended when their victims were disembarked and sold (Fig. 9). For the landed African captives, that utility was 1 Nearly 40% of the slaves traded to the Americas went to Brazil, which exceeded more than three million Africans between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Steudel chose the name for the plant’s glabrous stem that, unlike O. sativa’s, usually lacks bristles or down. But the only obvious difference between the two species is ligule shape and length. Grain shape can also be used to distinguish them, but it takes an expert to recognize the disparity. For the layman, the big difference, as Capt. Cutting indicated, is color. While both African and Asian kernels are white, O. glaberrima has bran ranging from red to brown, at least when not fully mature.