By Liba Taub, Mary Jo Nye
Classical authors used either prose and poetry to discover and clarify the flora and fauna. In Aetna and the Moon, Liba Taub examines the diversity of the way during which old Greeks and Romans conveyed medical info. Oregon country collage Press is proud to give this inaugural quantity within the Horning traveling students sequence. In old Greece and Rome, many of the technical literature on clinical, mathematical, technological, and scientific matters used to be written in prose, because it is this day. despite the fact that, Greek and Roman poets produced an important variety of extensively learn poems that handled medical subject matters. Why may an writer decide on poetry to give an explanation for the flora and fauna? this query is complex by means of claims made, due to the fact antiquity, that the expansion of rational rationalization concerned the abandonment of poetry and the rejection of fable in want of technology. Taub makes use of texts to discover how clinical principles have been disseminated within the historic international. The nameless writer of the Latin Aetna poem defined the technology in the back of the volcano Etna with poetry. The Greek writer Plutarch juxtaposed clinical and mythic causes in his discussion at the Face at the Moon. either texts offer a lens during which Taub considers the character of medical communique in historical Greece and Rome. basic readers will savour Taub’s considerate dialogue about the offerings to be had to old authors to show their rules approximately science—as vital this day because it was once in antiquity—while Taub’s cautious learn and full of life writing will interact classicists in addition to historians of technology.
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Additional info for Aetna and the Moon Explaining Nature in Ancient Greece and Rome
Many others besides you will find these reasonings useful, and especially those who have but recently made acquaintance with the true story of nature and those who are attached to pursuits which go deeper than any part of ordinary education. 87 Epicurus’ Letter to Pythocles refers to other letters and correspondence; not only have Epicurus and Pythocles exchanged earlier letters, there is also a reference to his Letter to Herodotus being read and used by Pythocles as well. As Epicurus indicates to Pythocles, he expected that others would also find these letters useful; his letters were not intended as private communications, but were meant to be read by a wider audience.
Aratus (c. 315 to before 240 BCE), the poet responsible for the Phaenomena, was apparently assigned the task of setting the prose work of Eudoxus (c. 390-c. 340 BCE) to verse by his patron, Antigonus Gonatas of Macedonia;29 his own interest in the subject is not clear, and the content of the poem was criticized by the astronomer Hipparchus (flourished second half of second century BCE). Yet Aratus’ poem, along with Lucretius’ De rerum natura, would likely be on everyone’s top ten list of important works written about the natural world in antiquity.
But why did he choose poetry to present his philosophical views? By echoing the diction and meter of the epic poems attributed to Homer and Hesiod, Parmenides was placing himself within a powerful tradition, but it is not entirely clear whether he was attempting to enlist their authority, or to subvert it. As Parmenides’ poem continues, he explains that he was directed by a goddess. The presence of the goddess here, at the beginning of his work, is significant; we will encounter other gods and goddesses mentioned at the start of other philosophical poems focusing on nature.