By G.D. Aurbach and Donald B. Mccormick (Eds.)
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In their studies the amount of exercise was matched to the so-called aerobic threshold. , 1985). The two groups were comparable in resting oxygen uptake related to lean body mass, but due to greater lean body mass, the lean showed 15-17% greater uptake, either total or in relation to body weight. These findings contrasted sharply with those of the LeBlanc study of supertrained women. The thermic responses to a meal alone among the lean increased above the responses of the obese, and presumably, sedentary subjects.
A mass of evidence has accumulated in small animals that brown adipose tissue (BAT) is the major site of nonshivering thermogenesis in the cold and the site of diet-associated adaptive increase in heat production when food of poor quality is taken in large amounts. This adaptation may enable animals to obtain adequate amounts of an essential nutrient without incurring the penalty of obesity. , 1983a). Samonds and Hegsted (1979) found that young cebus monkeys given a diet low in protein also react with a striking increase in thermogenesis.
A mixed meal given 4 hours after exercise induced a greater fraction of lipid oxidation and persisted to the following day. Devlin and Horton (1985) measured the thermic response to infused insulin at two concentrations using the euglycemic clamp procedure in normal untrained subjects 12-16 hours after exercise t o exhaustion. These lean subjects showed a significant 3-7% in- 24 ETHAN A. H. SIMS crease in basal energy expenditure; lipid oxidation was also increased, while that of glucose was reduced.