Adoration of the Ram: five hymns to Amun-Re from Hibis by David Klotz

By David Klotz

Hibis Temple, tucked away within the distant Khargeh Oasis, includes the longest huge hymns to Amun-Re ever carved in hieroglyphs. those non secular texts, inscribed throughout the reign of Darius I, drew upon a wide number of New nation assets, and later they served as resources for the Graeco-Roman hymns at Esna Temple. As such, the hymns to Amun-Re from Hibis are excellently fitted to learning Egyptian theology throughout the Persian interval, at the eve of the intended "new theology" created via the Graeco-Roman priesthood. This new research, the 1st wide statement at the 5 liturgically attached hymns, gains new translations with exact notes. The publication additionally considers dominant theological topics found in the texts, together with the concept that of "Amun in the Iris."

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125 P. Berlin 3048, VIII, 2–3 = Wolf, ZÄS 64 (1929): 30, 9–13. t prr im-f m rn=f n Nwn-wr Oh, may we give acclamation unto him, whom Hapi brings from his grotto, who makes verdant the “wood-of-life,” who cares that which comes out of him, in his name of Nun the Elder.  In these texts, the “wood of life” refers to general sustenance, primarily flora. Amun-Re’s creation with xt-n-anx is originally connected to his general role of cosmic creator god, responsible for all aspects of nature.

298. 62 Barucq and Daumas, HP, p. 310. 63 Goyon, The Edifice of Taharqa, p. 71. 64 Cruz-Uribe, HTP I, 120. , 173, n. h), his translation “bird” is highly unlikely. ), is much more reasonable, and it is odd that he did not simply put this in his main translation. The sign as published in Davies’s copy is ambiguous, but collation of this damaged sign done in situ (January 2006) shows that it is indeed a falcon. 66 Recognized already by Rondot, BIFAO 89 (1989): 253 and 256, n. (b); cf. also Kurth, Treffpunkt der Götter, p.

51. 148 Lorton has also expressed skepticism about the Opet Crypt relief (Fiery Tefnut) and its relation to Invocation Hymn However, while this is definitely a valid interpretation, the subsequent mention of Reswedja hints that the epithet should refer to Osiris, especially the solarized Osiris, rather than simply Re. Indeed, the netherworld books also represent Res-wedja within a serpent.  The figure there is an enormous ithyphallic Re-Osiris, with upraised arm, encircled by an even larger serpent.

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