A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains: Toward by Norman J. Rosenberg

By Norman J. Rosenberg

The North American nice Plains is a tremendous worldwide breadbasket yet its agriculture is under pressure by means of drought, warmth, harmful winds, soil erosion and declining floor water assets. Biomass creation and processing at the Plains could in part fix a perennial vegetative hide and create employment possibilities. This booklet explores the prospect that the ecology and financial system of the Plains zone, and related areas, would receive advantages from the creation of perennial biomass crops.

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A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains: Toward Sustainable Land Use and Mitigation of Greenhouse Warming (Advances in Global Change Research)

The North American nice Plains is a massive international breadbasket yet its agriculture is under pressure by means of drought, warmth, harmful winds, soil erosion and declining floor water assets. Biomass construction and processing at the Plains could in part restoration a perennial vegetative disguise and create employment possibilities.

Additional info for A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains: Toward Sustainable Land Use and Mitigation of Greenhouse Warming (Advances in Global Change Research)

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3. Groundwater The High Plains or Ogallala Aquifer underlies a large portion of the Great Plains and is its major source of groundwater. Small portions of southern South Dakota and eastern Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico are underlain by the aquifer as is most of Nebraska, much of western Kansas, and the Oklahoma and Texas Panhandles. (Figure 2-8). , McGuire 2004) indicate that extensive use of ground-water from this aquifer for irrigation began in the 1930s and 1940s and increased rapidly from 1940 to 1980.

When it descends the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains to the western Great Plains, this maritime Pacific air is warm and quite dry. Thus we say that the western Plains lie in the “rainshade” of the Rockies. Still a fourth source of air sometimes dominates the Plains, air warmed over the southwestern deserts of the USA and northern Mexico. Frequent outbursts of warm, dry air in spring and summer from this and other sources create a strong evaporative stress on crops growing in the region. 1.

Continentality dictates that the diurnal range of temperature (night to day) and the annual range of temperature (winter to summer) will be great. The Great Plains (particularly the northern portion) has the most distinctly continental climate in North America. Continentality leads to interesting comparisons of the Plains climate with that of other regions of the country. For example, in January the daily minimum temperature in Amarillo, Texas, is the same as that of Detroit, some 800 km The Physical Environment 13 Figure 2-2.

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