By Veronika Gazhonova
This booklet introduces an exhilarating new technique for breast ultrasound diagnostics – automatic whole-breast quantity scanning (3D ABVS). Scanning process is defined intimately, with suggestions on scanning positions and protocols. Imaging findings are then illustrated and mentioned for regular breast variations, the various types of breast melanoma, fibroadenomas, cystic ailment, benign and malignant male breast issues, mastitis, breast implants, and postoperative breast scars. for you to reduction appreciation of some great benefits of 3D ABVS, comparisons with findings on X-ray mammography and standard 2nd handheld US are offered. Readers may be particularly inspired by way of the convincing demonstration of the benefits of the hot procedure for prognosis of breast melanoma in girls with dense glandular tissue. In permitting readers to profit the right way to practice and interpret 3D ABVS, this ebook may be of significant worth for all who're embarking on its use. it is going to additionally function a welcome reference for radiologists, oncologists, and ultrasonographers who have already got a few familiarity with the technique.
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Additional resources for 3D Automated Breast Volume Sonography: A Practical Guide
This information is presented on the screen as a series of images that can be resliced from the top with the nipple down to the chest wall. The per-quadrant anatomy on ABVS scans corresponds to the real location of the quadrants in the breast. The upper quadrants in all images using this technology are at the top of the scan, and the outer and inner quadrants correspond to the patient’s position during the examination (Fig. 9). Before collecting the next slice, quick preliminary topographical measurements could be performed for the entire volume produced on the screen.
One can specify the view of the slices by the choice of icon in the monitor window. Navigation is through each point being positioned on three axes X, Y, and Z (sagittal, coronal, and axial). The collected data is processed in arbitrary planes and slices, and ABVS tomograms of the breasts are generated which are comparable to those from RMG; topographical measurements are conducted in automatic mode by placing the cursor on the required object (Fig. 13). Examination protocol and document selection standardization enable the matching of the symmetry of the structure of the right and left breasts, in the respective planes, and the reproducibility of the subsequent follow-up images with the same parameters and also the comparability with X-ray mammography data (Fig.
Increased MMG density is more apparent in young women than postmenopausal women. In young women, the differences between supporting and periglandular stromata can be © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017 V. 1007/978-3-319-41971-8_4 35 4 36 seen with the help of ultrasound. The supporting stroma appears on sonograms as areas of increased echogenicity. On the contrary, periglandular stroma is seen as low echogenicity areas. These two structures should be considered as glandular tissue during ultrasound imaging analysis to enable comparisons between MMG and US.